AQUILEGIA species - Columbine
Aquilegia species - Columbine
 AQUILEGIA species  ColumbineZones 4 to 8
 ak-wi-le'ji-å Perennial  Easy

Ranunculaceae, native to the northern hemisphere.

Germination: Sow seeds indoors at a temperature of 68-70° and with no cover as light aids in germination. Expect germination in 15-20 days. Seeds can also be sown outdoors after danger of frost is passed. Sow anytime from spring through summer, up to two months before first frost. However, early spring is best. Outdoors, germination is in 21-25 days.

Growth: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves. Space 1-2 feet apart in light shade. Site in a rich, moist, well-drained soil. Keep well watered and feed monthly. These plants will be tolerant of full sun as long as adequate moisture is provided; they will not tolerate sunny, hot, dry conditions and they prefer climates with cool summers. Do not transplant as they resent being disturbed.

Appearance and Use: These denizens of borders and rock gardens also render interesting flowers for fresh cut use. The unique, 11/2 -4 inch long, red, pink, yellow, blue, lavender, or white flowers are reminiscent of hoop skirts, but with spurs extending behind them. Flowers are solid or bicoloredand appear in May and June. Plant habit is an upright clump from 1-3 feet tall. The dainty,blue-green foliage is deeply lobed. Contact with the plant’s sap may cause a skin irritation.

 

Gardeners' Quotes

"Making a connection to a woodland garden isn’t dependent on a grand space or budget. My first garden was on an eighth-acre urban lot in Newark, Delaware…planted the tiny space with woodland ferns, wildflowers, and shrubs..," Rick Darke, The American Woodland Garden-Capturing the Spirit of the Deciduous Forest.