|CHRYSANTHEMUM X morifolium - Florists Chrysanthemum|
Asteraceae; native to China.
Germination: In spring or summer, sow outdoors up to 2 months before frost and barely cover the seed. For best results, sow indoors, leave the seeds uncovered and maintain 68-70° F within the medium. Germination takes 10-15 days; blooms arrive 4 months from sowing.
Growth: In spring or summer, space 12 inches apart in part shade in normal garden soil. Pinch early to encourage plants to become more bushy. Keep evenly moist and feed moderately. Mums transplant easily and benefit from the use of a slow-release fertilizer. Mulch for winter. Indoors, grow in cool green house in full sun with soil kept moist. Mums initiate blooms on long nights and have to be shaded to bloom in late spring and summer.
Appearance and Use: One of the earliest fall-flowering perennials for the garden, Mums are loved for cut flowers, and are ideal for borders, containers, and greenhouse growth. Upright perennials, 12-21 inches tall and up to 12 inches wide with 1/2-inch to 1-inch blooms of bronze, yellow, gold, orange, white, pink, red, and lavender from September to November. The flower can have a variety of forms: cactus, incurved, spider, daisy, anemone, pompom, spoon, and quill.
NASA Seeds in Space
"Simply cutting off any deteriorating leaves, stems, or flowers can improve the overall appearance of a plant," Tracy DiSabato-Aust, The Well-Tended Perennial Garden-Planting & Pruning Techniques